Gorontalo (Indonesian: Gorontalo) is a province of Indonesia. It is located in the northern tip of the island of Sulawesi on the Minahassa Peninsula. The province's population was 1,040,164 at the 2010 census, and the latest estimate (for January 2014) is 1,134,498; its capital is the city of Gorontalo.
The province was established in December 2000 being split off from the province of North Sulawesi.
EtymologyThere are several hypothesis about the etymology of the name Gorontalo.:
- from Hulontalangio, the name of a tribe that resided in the area
- from Hua Lolontalango, which means cavemen who used to walk back and forth
- from Hulutalangi, which means nobler
- from Huluo Lo Tola, which means a place where snakehead fish breed
- from Pongolatalo or Pohulatalo, which means: a waiting place
- from Gunung Telu, which means three mountains
- from Hunto, which means a place that is always flowed by water
GeographyGorontalo lies on the northern Sulawesi arm, known as the Minahasa Peninsula. The province has an elongated shape area, stretching from west to east almost horizontally on a map, with total area of 11,257.07 km2 (4,346.38 sq mi). To the north and the south of the province are the Sulawesi Sea and the Gulf of Gorontalo or known as Gulf of Tomini, respectively. Prior to 2000, Gorontalo province was part of North Sulawesi province which lies on the eastern border. The western border of the province is Central Sulawesi province.
Topography of the province is relatively low (0—40o), with the elevation ranging between 0—2,400 m (7,900 ft) above sea level. Its coastline length is more than 590 km (370 mi). Counting the Exclusive Economic Zone to the north where Philippines is at the border, the total sea area of the province is more than 50,500 km2 (19,500 sq mi). There are some small islands around the north and the south of the province, 67 of which have been identified and named.
Its population has grown from 833,500 in the 2000 census to about 1,040,000 at the 2010 census, with nearly half the population residing in Gorontalo Regency or Gorontalo City.
HistoryIn 1525, with Portuguese assistance, three small rock forts were built overlooking the waters of Lake Limboto. Still in place today, the Fort Otonaha complex has commanding views. The Spanish also entered the area in limited numbers via the Philippines during the mid-16th century. They introduced corn, tomatoes, chili peppers, horses, and the afternoon siesta to Gorontalo, all of which are an integral part of life there today. The Dutch under the aegis of the Dutch East India Company (VOC) worked to wrest control of the lucrative spice trade away from the Sultanate of Ternate and push out all other European competitors. Gradually, the Dutch gained political control and ended the power of the local kings.
After Indonesia proclaimed its independence, Gorontalo became part of North Sulawesi province, but was split away from North Sulawesi in 2000.
As of 2010, the list of regencies and cities in Gorontalo province is given in the table below.
|Gorontalo City||*||1959||UU 29/1959||79.59||180,127||196,464|
|Boalemo Regency||Tilamuta||1999||UU 50/1999||1,521.88||129,253||140,975|
|Bone Bolango Regency||Suwawa||2003||UU 6/2003||1,984.31||141,915||154,785|
|Gorontalo Regency||Limboto||1959||UU 29/1959||1,750.83||355,988||388,273|
|North Gorontalo Regency
|Pohuwato Regency||Marisa||2003||UU 6/2003||4,244.31||128,748||140,424|
Note: * A city and also the provincial capital.
|Source: Statistics Indonesia 2010|
TourismTourist sites in the province include:
- Taruna Remaja Square (Old Town)
- The 2,000 Stairs
- Museum of Sukarno's Landing at Lake Limboto
- Bubohu Bongo religious excursion village
- Maleo bird sanctuary and Nani Wartabone National Park
- Otanaha Forts
- Saronde Island
- Lombongo Thermal Pool and Waterfall
- Olele Natural Reserve